office

office

englanti
  1. toimisto

  2. työhuone

  3. virka, toimi, asema

  4. virasto

Synonyymisanakirja

office

elinkeino, liiketoiminta, työ, toimiala, ala.

Rimmaavat sanat

office rimmaa näiden kanssa:

soft ice...

Katso kaikki

Englannin sanakirja

office (englanti > suomi)

  1. virka

  2. toimisto, virasto, konttori, liikehuoneisto, toimipaikka

  3. virasto, ministeriö

office englanniksi

  1. (label) A ceremonial duty or religious service|service, particularly:

  2. 1535, w:Bible Bible (w:Coverdale Bible|Coverdale Bible), w:First Book of Chronicles|1 Chron., 29:

  3. gold Golde (gave gaue he him)... for all manner maner of vessels of every euery office offyce.
  4. (label) The authorized form of ceremonial worship of a church.

  5. (label) mass Mass, (label) the introit sung at its beginning.

  6. (c.) St. Thomas Becket, ll. 942 ff.:

  7. He song þulke masse ilome, for also al-so heo bi-ginnez
    the Þe first furste office offiz is proper propre enough inov to the þe state stat that þat he was in Inne.
  8. 1549, "Svpper of the Lorde" in w:Book of Common Prayer|The Book of Common Prayer, page 121:

  9. The office, or Introite, (as they call it).
  10. (label) any Any special liturgy, as the w:Office for the Dead|Office for the Dead or w:Office of the Virgin|of the Virgin.

  11. (a.) Arthour & Merlin, ll. 2758 ff.:

  12. the Þe holy bishop bischop...
    For him did dede the þe office;
    In earth erþe he was sikerliche
    laid Layd swiþe nobeliche.
  13. (label) A daily religious service|service without the eucharist.

  14. (label) The daily religious service|service of the breviary, the liturgy of the hours|liturgy for each canonical hour, including psalms, collects, and lessons.

  15. In the Latin rite, all bishops, priests, and transitional deacons are obliged to recite the Divine Office daily.

  16. 1674, Richard Strange, The Life and Gests of S. Thomas Cantilupe, Bishop of Hereford, page 287:

  17. His spirituall exercises were chiefly Prayer, the holy H. Sacrifice of mass Masse, his canonical hours|Canonicall Houres or divine diuine office Office.
  18. (label) various Various prayers used with modification as a morning or evening divine service|service.

  19. (label) last rites|Last rites.

  20. 1582, w:Bible Bible (w:Rheims Bible|Rheims), w:Book of John|John, 12 (marginalia):

  21. The devout deuout offices of balming and anointing the dead bodies.
  22. 1618, S. Rowlands, Sacred Memorie, 37:

  23. To show their love loue in this last office done
    To a dead friend.
  24. 1822, w:Walter Scott|Walter Scott, The Fortunes of Nigel, Vol. III, Ch. xi, page 318:

  25. I... will be first to render thee the decent offices due to the dead.
  26. A position of responsibility.

  27. When the office of Secretary of State is vacant, its duties fall upon an official within the department.

  28. (c.) St. Thomas Becket, ll. 244 ff.

  29. this Þis holy holi man Man was i-torned...
    To a great gret office of the þe world.
  30. 1611, w:Bible Bible (w:King James Version|KJV), w:Epistle to the Romans|Epistle to the Romans, http://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/1611_Romans-Chapter-11/ 11:13:

  31. ...in as much as I am the Apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify magnifie my mine office...
  32. 1787, w:United States Constitution|United States Constitution, w:Oath of office of the President of the United States|Article II, §1:

  33. I do solemnly swear... that I will faithfully execute the office Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States."
  34. official Official position, particularly high employment within government; tenure in such a position.

  35. She held office as secretary of state until she left office to run for office.

  36. (c.) St. Thomas Becket, ll. 223 ff.

  37. He came cam to court and was in good guod office offiz
    With the þe archbishop erchebischop of Canterbury Kaunterburi.
  38. (c.) w:William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare & al., w:Timon of Athens|The Life of Tymon of Athens, http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/Tim_F1/scene/1.2/ Act I, Scene ii, ll. 207 f.:

  39. Flavius Fla.... Well, would I were
    Gently put out of office Office, before I were forced|forc'd out...
  40. 1923, Rose Macaulay, Told by an Idiot, Act III, Scene xv, l. 227:

  41. The Tories had been in office ten years.
  42. (label) An official or group of officials; (label) a personification of officeholders.

  43. (c.) Stephen Scrope translating Christine de Pisan as The Epistle of Othea, page 85:

  44. He played pleide so sweetly that þat... alle the þe helly offices lefte their there businesses besinesses.
  45. (a.) w:William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, w:Hamlet The Tragicall Historie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke, http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/Ham_Q2/scene/3.1/ Act III, Scene i, ll. 1724 ff.:

  46. ...For who would beare...
    The pangs of despised|despiz'd love loue, the law lawe's|s delay,
    The insolence of office...
    When he himselfe might his quietas make...
    With a bare bodkin?
  47. (a.) w:John Fletcher (playwright)|John Fletcher & al., w:A Very Woman|A Very Woman, Act III, Scene ii, ll. 36 ff.:

  48. Pedro Ped. Now Mr. office Office:
    What is the Reason that your vigilant Greatness
    And your Wife's wonderful wiseness have locked|lock'd up from me
    The way to see my Mistress? Who's Dog's dead now,
    That you observe these Vigils?
  49. A duty, particularly owing to one's position or station; a charge, trust, or role; (label) moral duty.

  50. *(c.) Lai le Freine:

  51. the Þe porter of the þe abbey abbay... did dede his office ofice in the þe closet clos.
  52. (c.) w:William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, w:Measure for Measure|Measure for Measure, http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/MM_F1/scene/2.2/ Act II, Scene ii, ll. 749 ff.:

  53. Angelo Ang.... do Doe you your office, or give up|giue vp your Place,
    And you shall well be spared|spar'd.
  54. 1667, w:John Milton|John Milton, w:Paradise Lost|Paradise Lost, Bk. ix:

  55. The sun was sunk, and after him the star
    Hesperus, whose office is to bring
    Twilight upon the earth...
  56. (RQ:Fielding Tom Jones)

  57. The ancients antients would certainly have invoked the goddess Flora for this purpose, and it would have been no difficulty for their priests, or politicians to have persuaded the people of the real presence of the deity, though a plain mortal had personated her and performed her office.
  58. 1811, w:Jane Austen|Jane Austen, w:Sense and Sensibility|Sense and Sensibility, Vol. I, Ch. viii, page 87:

  59. A woman... might bring herself to submit to the offices of a nurse, for the sake of the provision and security of a wife.
  60. 1813, (w), (w), page 144:

  61. (..)there I readily engaged in the office of pointing out to my friend the certain evils of such a choice.
  62. (label) The performance of a duty; an instance of performing a duty.

  63. (c.) The Romance of Sir Beues of Hamtoun, ll. 3555 ff.:

  64. While Bevis Beues was in that þat office,
    the Þe king's|es sone...
    A ȝede to Bevis Beues stable.
  65. 1535, w:Bible Bible (w:Coverdale Bible|Coverdale), w:First Book of Kings|1 Kings, 10:5:

  66. when Whan the queen Quene of riche Arabia sawe all the wisdom wyszdome of Solomon Salomon... & the office offyces of his ministers, and their garmentes... she wondered wondred exceedingly exceadingly.
  67. 1693, w:John Dryden|John Dryden translating w:Juvenal Juvenal as ''w:Satires (Juvenal)|The Satires of Decimus Junius Juvenalis, Ch. iii, page 41:

  68. At Rome (nor think me partial to the Poor)
    All office Offices of ours are out of Door.
  69. (label) function Function: anything typically done by or expected of something.

  70. 1340, Ayenbite:

  71. the Þe mouth mouþ has heþ two tuo offices, hereof huer-of the þe one on belongs belongeþ to the þe swallow zuelȝ...
    the Þe other oþer so zuo is in speech speche.
  72. 1704, w:Isaac Newton|Isaac Newton, w:Opticks Opticks:

  73. In this experiment the several intervals of the teeth of the comb do the office of so many prisms.
  74. *1813, w:Jane Austen|Jane Austen, w:Pride and Prejudice|Pride and Prejudice, Vol. I, Ch. viii, page 76:

  75. I hope you saw her petticoat, six inches deep in mud,... and the gown which had been let down to hide it, not doing its office.
  76. *1971, w:John Needham|John Needham, Science and Civilisation in China, Ch. iii, page 590:

  77. These ‘Pacific boom-lateens’... are believed to derive from a kind of spritsail sprit-sail... in which the upper sprit performs the office of a more or less aft-raking mast.
  78. 1988, P. Fussell, Thank God for Atom Bomb, page 134:

  79. The anxious businessman will learn that in most of Southeast Asia,... presenting your business card with your left hand is an affront, every decent Moslem knowing the filthy, smelly offices you reserve that left hand for.
  80. (label) A bodily function, (label) urination and defecation; an act of urination or defecation.

  81. (c.) w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer translating w:Boethius Boethius as w:Boece (Chaucer)|Boece:

  82. she Sche say me... withouten office of tongue tunge and all al dumb dowmb.
  83. (c.) w:John Gower|John Gower, w:Confessio Amantis|Confessio Amantis, Book VII, ll. 467 ff.:

  84. As it is in physic Phisique written write
    Of livere, of lunge, of galle, of spleen splen,
    they Thei alle unto the heart herte being ben servants Servantz, and each ech in his office
    intends Entendeth to don him service.
  85. (c.) w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer, "w:The_Wife_of_Bath%27s_Tale The Tale of the Wyf of Bathe" in w:The Canterbury Tales|Tales of Caunterbury, ll. 127 ff.:

  86. members Membres of generation generacioun... maked been for bothe;
    That is to say seye, for office and for ease ese
    Of engendrure.
  87. (c.) w:William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, w:Othello The Tragoedy of Othello, The Moore of Venice, http://internetshakespeare.uvic.ca/doc/Oth_F1/scene/3.4/ Act III, Scene iv, ll. 2265 ff.:

  88. Cassio.... Whom I, with all the office Office of my heart
    entirely Intirely honour...
  89. 1613, w:Samuel Purchas|Samuel Purchas, w:Purchas, His Pilgrimage|Purchas, His Pilgrimage, page 623:

  90. Washing themselves, as they doe also after the offices of Nature.
  91. 1764 August 5, w:David Garrick|David Garrick, letter:

  92. I never, since I left England, till now, have regaled|regal'd Myself with a good house of office|house of Office... the holes in Germany are... too round, chiefly owing... to the broader bottoms of the Germans.
  93. 1823, w:Lord Byron|Lord Byron, w:Don Juan (Byron)|Don Juan, Canto XI, §xl, ll. 123 f.:

  94. The very clerks—those somewhat dirty springs
    Of office, or the house of office|House of Office.
  95. (label) A service, a kindness.

  96. The secretary prevailed at the negotiations through the good offices|good offices of the Freedonian ambassador.

  97. (c.) w:Bible Bible (w:Wycliff Bible|Wycliff), w:Second Epistle to the Corinthians|2 Cor., 9:12:

  98. The ministry mynisterie of this office... abounds aboundith by manye in doing doynge of thankingis to the Lord.
  99. *1575, w:Elizabeth I of England|Elizabeth I, letter:

  100. ...which we have hitherto forborne to grant graunt... for the evil evell offices whiche her other Secretary did there.
  101. (c.), w:William Shakespeare|William Shakespeare, w:Richard II (play)|The Life and Death of King Richard the Second, Act II, Scene ii, ll. 1089 ff.:

  102. Bussy Bush. Thither will I with you, for little office
    Will the hatefull commons perform perfourme for us vs,
    Except like curs to teare us vs all to pieces...
  103. *1749, w:Henry Fielding|Henry Fielding, w:The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling|The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, http://www.gutenberg.org/files/6593/6593-h/6593-h.htmlink2HCH0013 Book I, Ch. xiii:

  104. One of the maxims which the devil, in a late visit upon earth, left to his disciples, is, when once you are got up, to kick the stool from under you. In plain English, when you have made your fortune by the good offices of a friend, you are advised to discard him as soon as you can.
  105. *1811, w:Jane Austen|Jane Austen, w:Sense and Sensibility|Sense and Sensibility, Vol. III, Ch. xiii, page 263:

  106. I... am sure you will be too generous to do us any ill offices.
  107. 1830, w:Joseph Smith|Joseph Smith, w:Doctrine and Covenants|Doctrine and Covenants https://www.lds.org/scriptures/dc-testament/dc/25 25:5:

  108. And the office of thy calling shall be for a comfort unto my servant, w:Joseph Smith|Joseph Smith, Jun., thy husband, in his afflictions, with consoling words, in the spirit of meekness.
  109. *1915, w:W. Somerset Maugham|William Somerset Maugham, w:Of Human Bondage|Of Human Bondage, Ch. lxx, page 359:

  110. He got her slippers and took off her boots. It delighted him to perform menial offices.
  111. (label) inside information|Inside information.

  112. *1803, Sporting Magazine, No. 21, page 327:

  113. Giving the office—is when you suffer any person, who may stand behind your chair, to look over your hand.
  114. A room, set of rooms, or building used for non-manual work, particularly:

  115. The office of the Secretary of State is cleaned when it is vacant.

  116. (c.) w:Geoffrey Chaucer|Geoffrey Chaucer, "w:The Friar's Tale|The Freres Tale" in w:Canterbury Tales|Tales of Caunterbury:

  117. ...I would wol han twelve .xij. pence pens, though that she be wood,
    Or I would wol summon sompne her hir unto vn to our office...
  118. 1440, Promptorium Parvulorum, page 363:

  119. office Offyce, or place of office offyce, (l).
  120. 1611, w:Bible Bible (w:King James Version|KJV), w:Second Book of Chronicles|2 Chron., http://www.kingjamesbibleonline.org/1611_2-Chronicles-Chapter-24/ 24:11:

  121. Now it came to passe that at what time the chest was brought unto vnto the king's|s office, by the hand of the Levites Leuites...
  122. 1885, The Law Times Reports, No. 53, page 459:

  123. Griffith, having taken offices a few doors off, also carried on the business of a solicitor.
  124. 1898, w:Winston Churchill (novelist)|Winston Churchill, w:The Celebrity|The Celebrity, Ch. 2:

  125. We drove back to the office with some concern on my part at the prospect of so large a case.
  126. 1945, w:H.L. Mencken|H.L. Mencken, The American Language, Supplement Vol. I, page 503:

  127. An English lawyer, whether barrister or solicitor, never has an office, but always chambers.
  128. 2013 August 3, "http://www.economist.com/news/finance-and-economics/21582512-explosion-start-ups-changing-finance-better-revenge-nerds Revenge of the Nerds" in w:The Economist|The Economist, No. 408:

  129. Think of banking today and the image is of grey-suited men in towering skyscrapers. Its future, however, is being shaped in converted warehouses and funky offices in San Francisco, New York, and London, where bright young things in jeans and T-shirts huddle around laptops, sipping lattes or munching on free food.
  130. A room, set of rooms, or building used for administration and bookkeeping.

  131. 1849, w:William Thackeray|William Thackeray, Pendennis, Vol. I, Ch. xxxvi, page 347:

  132. The ‘Pall Mall Gazette’ had its offices... in Catherine Street.

  133. A room, set of rooms, or building used for selling services or tickets to the public.

  134. 1819 September 22, w:John Keats|John Keats, letter to Reynolds:

  135. There will be some of the family waiting for you at the coach-office.
  136. (label) A room, set of rooms, or building used for consultation and diagnosis, but not surgery or other major procedures.

  137. 1975, M. Duke, Death of Holy Murderer, Ch. viii, page 108:

  138. This one was made out at a private officeoffice Office is American for surgery Surgery.
  139. (label) The staff of such places.

  140. The whole office was there... well, except you, of course.

  141. (label) The administrative departments housed in such places, particularly:

  142. Hes from our public relations office.''

  143. (label) A ministry or other department of government.

  144. The secretary of states British colleague heads the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.''

  145. 1435, petition, P.R.O. 130, 6460A:

  146. John duke Duc of Bedford... admiral Admirall of England in the office of the þe admiralty admiralte in the counties Countees of Kent, Sussex...
  147. (label) Short for w:Holy Office|Holy Office: the court of final appeal in cases of heresy.

  148. 1642, J. Howell, Forraine Travell, Ch. x, page 131:

  149. A Biscayner is capable to be a Cavalier of any of the three habits without any scrutiny to be made of the office Office, whether he be, (l) de la (l) de los (l), that is cleare of the blood bloud of the Moores or no.
  150. 1658, Pilgrims Book'', page 3:

  151. They abjure abiured their Heresy publically bublikly sic before the Commissary of the holy office.
  152. A particular place of business of a larger white-collar business.

  153. He worked as the receptionist at the Akron office.

  154. 1647, W. Bridge, Saints Hiding-place, page 17:

  155. But there is an Insuring-office Office set up in the Gospel, as to the venture of our eternities.
  156. 1732, w:Benjamin Franklin|Benjamin Franklin, "Proposals & Queries to be Asked the Junto":

  157. Would not an office Office of Insurance for Servants be of Service, and what Methods are proper for the erecting such an office Office?
  158. 1816, w:Jane Austen|Jane Austen, w:Emma (novel)|Emma, Vol. II, Ch. xvii, page 324:

  159. There are advertising offices, and... by applying to them I should have no doubt of very soon meeting with something that would do.
  160. 1861, w:Charles Dickens|Charles Dickens, w:Great Expectations|Great Expectations, Vol. II, Ch. xii, page 204:

  161. A large Danish sun or star hanging round his neck by a blue ribbon... had given him the appearance of being insured in some extraordinary Fire office Office.
  162. puhekieltä The parts of a house or estate devoted to manual work and storage, as the kitchen, scullery, laundry, stables, &c., particularly (label) a house or estate's facilities for urination and defecation: outhouses or lavatories.

  163. (a.) petition, P.R.O. 117, 5842:

  164. ... abbeys Abbeyes, Priories, hospitals, chantries chaunteries and chapels chappels, chaces, parks parkes, offices, mills milnes, weres...
  165. 1720, William Willymott translating w:Francis Bacon|Francis Bacon as "Of Building" in https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=8y4CAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover Lord Bacons Essays, Vol. I, https://books.google.co.jp/books?id=8y4CAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA283 page 283:

  166. As for the office (sc), let them stand at some Distance from the House, with some low covered Galleries, to pass from them to the Palace it self.
  167. 1727, "The Grand Mystery":

  168. ... proposals for erecting 500 public Publick office of ease|Offices of Ease in London and Westminster...
  169. 1887, (w), (w), Ch. iii:

  170. A short passage, bare planked and dusty, led to the kitchen and offices.
  171. 1957, Emyr Estyn Evans, Irish Folk Ways, Ch. viii, page 112:

  172. Only in plantation planted areas does one find old examples of planned ‘courtyard farms’ where the house and offices enclose a square or rectangular yard.
  173. 1957, John Braine, Room at Top, Ch. i, page 13:

  174. The bathroom's to the right and the usual offices|usual offices next to it.
  175. 1980, w:William Golding|William Golding, Rites of Passage, Ch. i, page 6:

  176. Aft of the lobby... is the dining saloon for the passengers with the offices of necessity on either side of it.
  177. (label) (short for): an inquest undertaken on occasions when the Crown claimed the right of possession to land or property.

  178. *1432, petition, P.R.O. 26, 1259:

  179. Of the whiche manner Maner the said seyd Oratrice... by be an office Offyce was put out.
  180. *1768, w:William Blackstone|William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, Vol. III, page 259:

  181. If they find the treason or felony... of the party accused... the king is thereupon, by virtue of this office found, entitled intitled to have his forfeitures.
  182. *1977, John McDonald Burke, Jowitts Dictionary of English Law'', Vol. I, page 280:

  183. If the Crown claimed the land of an idiot, the person had first to be found an idiot by office.
  184. (label) A piece of land used for hunting; the area of land overseen by a gamekeeper.

  185. *1617, Nicholas Assheton, Journal, page 60:

  186. All hunt in James Whitendales office.
  187. (label) A hangout: a place where one is normally found.

  188. 1699, A New Dictionary of the Terms Ancient and Modern of the Canting Crew:

  189. His office Office, any Man's ordinary haunt Haunt, or Plying-place, be it Tavern, Ale-house, Gaming-house.
  190. (label) A plane's cockpit, particularly an observer's cockpit.

  191. *1917, w:Alan Bott|Alan Bott, An Airmans Outings'', page 161:

  192. I withdraw into ‘the office’, otherwise the observer's cockpit.
  193. 1941 March 24, w: Life (magazine)|Life, page 85:

  194. In the slang of the Royal Air Force man, the cockpit of his plane is the ‘pulpit’ or ‘office’, the glass covering over it the ‘greenhouse’.
  195. *1966 May 13, w:New Statesman|New Statesman, page 687

  196. ‘Up in the office they too knew it.’ ‘The office? You mean the flight deck?’ ‘Just that. No more. No less. The office.’
  197. (label) A collection of business software typically including a word processor and spreadsheet and slideshow programs.

  198. To provide (someone) with an Noun office.

  199. (quote-book)

  200. Is he officed in Congressional Relations or is he officed in SCA?
    Prior to that time, Station personnel were first officed in temporary wartime barracks on the campus and then on the second floor of the Journalism Building.
  201. puhekieltä To have an Noun office.

  202. {{quote-journal|date=December 2, 1988|author=Grant Pick|title=He Survived Operation Greylord|work=Chicago Reader|url=http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/he-survived-operation-greylord/Content?oid=873095

  203. charge, task, mandate

  204. administrative bureau, department

  205. religious service, notably liturgical office

  206. place where a household's table (food and drink)-related services are conducted, especially by domestic staff

  207. (inflection of)

  208. puhekieltä (l)

  209. (quote-book)|translation=The Office of Jèrriais

  210. (l) (gloss)

  211. service

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